The Grape Vine (Vitis vinifera) is a woody liana of the Vitaceae family. It is one of the oldest cultivated plants having been grown for more than 10,000 years. Its fruits are known for containing many substances beneficial to human organism. The fruits are juicy berries growing on bunches of small branches arranged close to one another to give way to what is commonly – yet botanically incorrectly – called grapes. The shapes, sizes and colours of the fruits characterise different varieties. The grape vine is cultivated in various places worldwide in different climates and soil conditions.